Labels for Special Education Students – A Necessary Evil

The word “label” can cause many parents to cringe inwardly. They often see it as a big sign hung on the back of their child, making them conspicuously different from the rest of the population. Some parents may fear a label will stay with their child for the rest of their lives, preventing both social acceptance and employment opportunities. Others may see a label as some kind of failure in regards to their parenting skills. In fact, no parent wants his/her child to be labeled.

However, labeling may be unavoidable. Getting your child diagnosed is the single most important step in the foundation of his education. If you perform your own evaluation and red flags pop up, it’s time to take action.

Your first call should be to your child’s primary care physician. At well-child check-ups, your doctor will ask questions regarding developmental benchmarks. Benchmarks are guidelines of normal development your child should reach by a certain age. These include expressive language, receptive language, vocabulary, and fine and gross motor skills. Because language development can vary from child to child, physicians may be lax in taking appropriate action for a child who is not reaching benchmarks. As a parent, your intuition should serve you well. Call your local county Child Development Services (CDS) office and request an evaluation. Your CDS case manager will refer you to specialists more suited to diagnosing disabilities.

If your child is already attending school and you are worried about his progress, keep the lines of communication open with his teachers. Many teachers will refer students to the special education department for an evaluation. Regardless of the results of a public school evaluation, you may want to get an unbiased, independent evaluation. Tutoring centers like Sylvan use specialized testing. In this way, you have a back up should the school district decline services.

If your child does have a disability, an appropriate diagnosis is important in order for the state to recognize him as a special education student. State funds ensure support staff will be available to help your child meet the goals listed in his IEP, or Individualized Education Plan. This plan includes any therapeutic services your child may need such as speech, occupational therapy, physical therapy, and adaptive physical education. These services are vital to your child’s success throughout his primary and secondary education.

Sometimes the biggest hurdle is dealing with having your child “singled out” as a special education student. You fear your child will be seen as different, weird, stupid or weak. While there is no easy fix for this issue, being an advocate for your child and his education can alleviate some of those fears. At the primary level, ask the special education teacher about reverse mainstreaming. This process invites mainstream students into the self-contained/special education classrooms. Students who spend time in the specialized classrooms tend to be more accepting of differences because they are allowed to get to know special education students on a personal level. If reverse mainstreaming is promoted regularly, lasting bonds can form between students that will carry over into the mainstream classrooms and all over the school.

Finally, teach your child to advocate for himself. Understanding the cause and reason behind a label can sometimes ease anxiety about being different. Understanding how a specialized program works, even on a basic level, can go a long way in teaching your child to advocate for himself throughout the course of his education.

Advantages of Examination-Oriented Education System

In an examination-oriented education system, there is a chance that the joy of being a young kid will not be able to be enjoyed fully by the young generation. Although it may take a bit of a joy out of a student, it may be worth the sacrifices. Consider these points.

With proper guidance, students and teachers can both gain huge benefit from the system. Since the end goal is to excel during the examination, this will give a sense of direction for both parties. Students will be more focused in their studies and this will make teaching easier for the educators.

The situation in a class or school will be a lot calmer if the students are fully able to understand why there are occupying a seat in a class. The time in a class will be fully utilized for learning purposes, not giving room for improper behaviour.

The students will also be more motivated in such examination-oriented system. The reward awaits them at the end of semester or year and this will create healthy competition among classmates. The students will work harder to improve themselves and the teachers can try to find a way so each student will be working together to work for success as one unit.

The whole point of studying is gaining knowledge. In a situation where knowledge is available without any need to learn them by heart, students are bound to take it for granted. With the slight motivation to get good grades during tests, students will have to make an effort therefore, appreciate the learning process and knowledge more.

With good grades, students will be saved from the trouble of suffering during their adult life. Good grades will open more opportunities to the students for more possibilities whether to get into higher learning institutions or get a better job.

Proper implementation of examination-oriented education will benefit the students, teachers and even the parents. The clear direction in such education system helps everyone to focus on a specific target. With this, it will promote collaboration between all the parties, making it as a collective effort.

Brief History of Education in Nigeria

Long before the Europeans arrived, education had been part of Nigerians. The Children were taught about their culture, social activities, survival skills and work. Most of these education processes were impacted into the children informally; a few of these societies gave a more formal teaching of the society and culture.

In these Societies, there are formal instructions that governed the rites of passage from youth into adulthood. The youth is expected to have attained the necessary social and survival skills as well as having a grounded knowledge in the culture. These are the foundations of education in Nigeria, and upon them were the western education implemented upon.

European Education was introduced into Nigeria in the 1840s. It began in Lagos, Calabar and other coastal cities. In a few decades schooling in English language gradually took roots in the Nigeria. During the Colonial years, Great Britain did not promote education. The schools were set up and operated by Christian Missionaries. The British colonial government only funded a few schools. The policy of the government was to give grant to mission schools rather than expand the system.

In the northern part of Nigeria, which was predominantly Muslim populated, Western-style education was prohibited. The religious leaders did not want the missionaries interfering with Islam. This gave way to establishing Islamic school that focused primarily on the Islamic education.

Today, adult literacy has been estimated to be over 78 percent for men and 64 percent for women. These statistics were made based on estimate literacy in English. That excludes the literacy in Arabic among northern Muslims. It is therefore not erroneous to call Nigeria a nation dominated with educated persons.

Prior to Nigeria’s independence, Nigeria had only two established Post-secondary Institution. Yaba Higher college (founded in 1934, Now Yaba College of Technology) and the University of Ibadan was founded in 1948. It was then a College of the University of London until two years after the independence when she became autonomous. More prominent universities which include University of Nigeria, Obafemi Awolowo University (formerly University of Ife), Ahmadu Bello University and Mohood Abiola Kashimawo University (formerly University of Lagos) were founded in the years that followed the Independence.

In 1970s more universities were founded which include University of Benin (founded in 1970), and new university opened in Calabar, Ilorin, Jos, Port Harcourt, Sokoto and Maiduguri. In the 1980s, more universities were opened as well as institute specializing in Agriculture and Technology. A number of Polytechnics were also opened, which includes the Yaba College of Technology in Lagos and Kaduna Polytechnics.

In 1980, the estimated enrollment in the primary schools was 12 million, Secondary and technical colleges 1.2 million, teachers colleges 240,000 and Universities 75,000. One would expect that with such an estimate, the Nigerian education in Nigeria three decades after would have greatly improved. Unfortunately the reverse has been the case.

The present decline in the Nigerian education system can be traced back to the 1980s and 1990s. Then there was a shortage of qualified teachers, the few qualified teachers were not paid in a timely manner. The number of schools did not grow with the population and many of the existing schools were inadequately funded resulting in poor maintenance. In the Universities inadequate funding led to the shortage of space and resources. Increase in tuition fee often resulted in riots leading to cancellation of semesters. Industrial actions by the University Staff requesting for higher salaries and better working conditions also compounded the situations. However, today governors in most state are addressing these issues.

The damage to the educational system has been done. Most graduates lack the necessary survival and social skills that should have been learnt in schools. These have led to many disastrous situations in the nation. The center of the nation’s growth “the Education system” no longer holds value; hence the entire nation is falling apart. Products of the Nigeria education system are not employable, causing massive unemployment and under-development in the country. No survival skills leading to increased poverty rate in the country.

The situation however is not entirely hopeless. The foundation of education in Nigeria upon which the Europeans laid the western-style education is strong. This has managed to hold the educational system of the country together through the trouble days. However, if left unattended, we will all join Chinua Achebe and exclaim: Things fall apart, The center cannot hold… Anarchy is set forth everywhere.

Christian Vs Secular Education – Which Is Better?

At times, Christian are faced with a decision regarding what type of education to pursue for themselves and/or their families. The choice we will examine is between Christian schools and secular schools. Is one better than the other? The answer is not necessarily found in comparing the quality of the education but in the belief systems that are at the foundation of each. We will examine both types of education as they relate to the belief in God and their use of facts.

Difference 1: Belief in God

In general, secular education is based upon the assumption that there is no God; or if there is a God, then that God has no real impact on, or relevance to, daily life. Secular study of science, for example, assumes that everything “just happens” as a result of natural laws and interactions. One event triggers another, but (it is claimed) there is no ultimate planner and/or power guiding the process.

In contrast, Christian education assumes that God is, that Jesus Christ is God incarnate, that “All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made” (John 1:3 KJV). Christian education is further based upon the firm conviction that God continues to guide events “in heaven and on earth” according to His perfect plan, “for he that cometh to God must believe that he is, and that he is a rewarder of them that diligently seek him” (Hebrews 11:6(b) KJV).

Difference 2: Use of The Facts

In Christian education, proven, empirical facts are facts. Mathematical equations, for example, are exactly the same. There are differences and Christian education does not hide them. Over the past century or so, some topics have been heavily “edited” to reflect a secular viewpoint. History and some branches of science have suffered from a biased reporting of “facts,” including hiding or ignoring some details, and skewing the perspective from which others are viewed. The skewed perspective has altered and/or distorted the interpretation of some evidence. True Christian Education rejects such distortions.

The Dilemma

Ethics and morality represent one extremity of these distortions. By rejecting the ultimate authority of the Creator, adherents to the secular perspective are left with no absolute foundation of right and wrong. Standards become fluid, so that “what’s right for me” may be different from “what’s right for you.”

When the Church accepts the standards of the secular world, it is left with confusion and instability. Consider the following illustration of this dilemma. For a number of years, respected pollsters have reported that the manifestation of ethics and morals doesn’t differ significantly between individuals who classify themselves as “Christian” and those who describe themselves as “not religious.” Specifically, the pollsters report that the sexual practices of the two groups have proven to be basically the same. Even though a permissive lifestyle has become common, the Christian faith has historically embraced strict scriptural standards of sexual purity and monogamy.

True Christian Education seeks to provide a superior grasp of all facets of knowledge, anchored firmly on the foundation which our Creator has supplied in His inspired Word. One could conclude that, for Christians, a Christian school education could keep them grounded in their faith in God. It could also shelter them from the skewed and altered versions of empirical facts that at times are associated with secular education. The decision should not be taken lightly but made with prayerful consideration.

Benefits of Public Health Education

Public health education can be considered an ambiguous term. It teaches the proper way to improve one’s health, and can involve only one or two people, or the population of several countries. Anything that can seriously threaten the physical, mental, or spiritual health of a wide range of people, notably due to their interactions with one another, can be classified as a threat to the community’s public health. This is why public health education becomes a necessary tool to aid people against the spread of potential diseases and illnesses. Five of the most important reasons of how public health education can prove beneficial are as follows:

1. People are able to learn how to prevent the spread of communicable diseases through the training and methods being taught in education. People are able to have better access to information regarding general prevention of diseases, including the knowledge of what to do and how to act during epidemics in their area. Certain diseases have their own individual prevention methods that people should be well aware of, and employing these techniques lessens the risk of being infected by possible diseases. Through public health education, even simple things such as wearing a flu mask in particularly affected areas, or knowing when to take vaccines for a particular illness that is prominent at that time of the year, always proves very effective in limiting the number of people affected annually.

2. More people are able to access private and public medical institutions to prevent diseases or medical conditions, or to better treat them. Without the benefits of a public health education, most people may feel healthy enough and not find the need to go for a general check-up. Being aware that it is necessary to see your doctor regularly is one of the important things learned in a good public health education. Most medical hospitals and clinics offer immunization or vaccine shots during the flu seasons, or when a general outbreak of hepatitis is going around, and a public health education ensures that more people know to go to these facilities and avail of the treatment, thereby lessening the amount of ill people.

3. People are able to adopt a healthier behavior to lessen the risk of diseases being spread among themselves. Keeping things cleaner around the house, opting to lessen or quit smoking altogether, or exercising more are just a few of the many different ways taught in public health education to combat sickness and improve one’s lifestyle.

4. People become more aware of information relating to the disease, rather than believing in just public perception. Public health education not only deals with how to prevent illnesses, it also provides details of how a disease works, which may dispel some myths and fallacies about it in society. The HIV virus for example, can be spread through unprotected sexual intercourse, but not through activities such as kissing or touching. This also helps change a person’s views towards someone infected, promoting more empathy rather than discrimination.

5. People are able to help and contribute to disease prevention by supporting or volunteering at health care facilities. Public health education is more than just spreading information; it also calls people to actively participate in aiding others. To be able to protect one’s health, it is also necessary to protect the health of other people around you, and helps foster a more close-knit community and a better sense of camaraderie.

Disadvantages and Bad Habit Woes of Online Education Learning

Bad habits are deeply rooted and their change requires a deeper understanding. In all my years of writing about the beneficiaries of online education learning I have come across several disadvantages of online courses.

Modern lives require high-end careers. Kudos to online learning for it has eased the age old conventions of higher education. Now career goals are no longer limited to the handful. Online higher degrees are meant to cater the educational needs at large.

  • Low Motivation – Acquiring online learning experience requires motivation, dedication and sincere endeavors. Students with low motivation and bad study habits can find it difficult to complete an online study. It requires self-motivation as the student has to study on her own and there is hardly any pressure from the part of the tutor.
  • Too Much Time – E-courses require more time than courses in colleges or higher educational institutions. Giving ample time to students is actually a disadvantage. Students with bad habits feel lethargic to attend regular interactive classes and keep postponing the time schedule.
  • Lack of planning – To earn from online education which is well planned may be easy. But the study patterns are not that easy and have to be well planned. Improper study planning added to bad study habits can derail the process of learning. However, the course activities have to be planned if possible with an expert help.
  • Traditional Class Formats Are Missing – Students too familiar and dependent on traditional classes can find it difficult to cope with virtual online classes. Traditional class formats are missing that may lead to confusion. Online classes therefore require more attention and prioritizing.
  • No Availability of Personal Tutorial Help – The tutorial guidance sometimes may not suffice or satisfy the educational needs of the students. So, the student may feel the absence of personal tutorial guidance. An online video class may fulfill the requirement to some extent.
  • Isolation from instructor and classmates – In an online class a learner may feel isolated from the instructor and classmates. Classroom like environment, proper test timings, semesters and project submission within a particular deadline are all missing in virtual classes. Therefore an online learner may feel sluggish to work and study on her own.
  • Lab Work Is missing – Lab work is difficult to mange in virtual classroom rather it is missing. The absence of laboratory work is a serious disadvantage particularly in disciplines like physical or biological science.
  • Self-Learning – Online learning is almost like self learning where a person has to take responsibility of his or her own course of studies.

Limited interactions and missing out on non-verbal communications are potential disadvantages that can only add to the bad habit woes.

Why Should We Continue Education?

Education is one the important thing that people should have in their life. But unfortunately not all the people can finish their education while there are attend the schools or college. But in this time most of the people with a good education are very lucky in their life because they can have a better life than others. Here is some reason why we should continue for education.

1. There are lots of people who have not been able to finish their degree or graduation. This is the first reason why some of people want to continue their education. They are a lot of problem that not allowed them to finish their education. Maybe while there are in the schools or college they can not continue their education because they have not enough money to finish their education, etc.

2. It enriches your standard of living. By a good education we can have a big chance to get a good job with a good salary. Or we can work in a comfort environment job and avoid a stress.

3. It ensures people to compete with others in a better way in this competitive society. Most people with a good education have a better attitude while there are competed each other. Their will use their knowledge and skill to reach their dream and still focus to their target.

4. Continuing education helps you get a better qualification. It’s make you become a professional in your job. Why? Because you has learn and enriches your skill by continue your education. The more specific the subject you learn, you become most qualified in that subject than others.

Physical Education in Schools

Physical education in schools is becoming a popular discussion topic. Are children getting enough gym class time? Is the amount of physical activity directly correlated with their test scores? More and more studies are indicating that a good physical education is vital in growing healthier, smarter and more creative young people.

For years, gym class has been seen as a necessity in schools. Children have a need to be active and they thrive when instructors let them play organized sports and games. Scientists are beginning to understand why exactly this physical activity makes them thrive.

Aside from the obvious need to let children have a physical outlet for energy, some scientists see a correlation between physical education and mental health. Children that are more active are showing signs of higher amounts of serotonin. This compound acts as a neurotransmitter and has shown connections to an increased sense of health, happiness and well-being. Greater amounts of serotonin in the bloodstream can quite simply mean happier children.

Children who exercise also show an increased understanding of their bodies and how they work. This education can lead to children having greater self-awareness and a healthier self-image. Most children will be able to see the connection between exercise and change in muscle, fat or otherwise. They will be willing to establish a healthy relationship with exercise as a lifestyle choice and a good way to keep their bodies in the best shape.

Children who are enrolled in physical education, usually receive instruction in health, including nutrition. Children then begin to understand that when they eat healthy they have greater amounts of energy to expend in games and sports. Like exercise, they begin to learn that healthy eating is a lifestyle choice and one that can positively impact the growth of the skeletal and muscular systems. Children learn to take pride in affecting their growth through their food choices, and may cause them to become adults with healthy habits.

Finally, exercise positively affects the way children think. There are studies linking children in physical education classes with having higher test scores. Adults have been told for years that living an active lifestyle will keep them from losing reasoning skills and stops early memory loss. Exercise has been proven to promote brain growth. Now, we are beginning to see that the same brain growth occurs in physically active children. Kids who exercise show greater reasoning, critical thinking and memory skills.

Principals, coaches, teachers and parents alike are recognizing the necessity of keeping physical education in schools. No longer is it seen as a frivolous part of the day. Learning about exercise and how to exercise is promoting mentally and emotionally healthy children. These children are showing an increased understanding of their minds and bodies and how to lead a healthy lifestyle and eat properly. Perhaps most importantly, they are acquiring skills and habits necessary to become a healthy adult.

Scope of Medical Education in Ukraine

Every student gets in a dilemma when they are about to take the final call on their career options. Right decision will always save us from the hardships which we may have to go through while chasing our goals. And the same applies when it comes to choose the best medical university abroad mainly in Ukraine. We have so many options before us, and they seem to be the right one too. But what follow later on are discrepancies in the degrees, mode of payments, financial assistance and practical trainings. When it comes face to face with foreign students who have invested a lot to reach there, it leaves them with no options rather than regretting on their hurried decision in selection of the medical University.

So, for a medical aspirant, homework is must. Homework as in inquiring in detail all the necessary information about the medical school they are trying to enroll into. In this scenario, among various options available in Europe, Ukraine is emerging as a very popular choice for medical aspirants. It fulfills the dream of medical aspirants and also the country is ranked for having top medical institutes providing a reliable and value based education. Ukrainian universities are providing education which is maintaining the European National Standard. The major advantage is that training for the courses is provided in Ukrainian, Russian and English medium of instructions. One can opt for undergraduate as well as master graduate level of General Medicine courses. The teaching methods are very flexible and the classroom lectures are being delivered with special emphasis on practical based learning. The top medical institutions are providing scholarships to the deserving candidates. Hence, it proves to be a great support for a common middle class person.

Ukraine is one of the most beautiful countries in Europe with its mountain ranges, ideal for skiing, hiking and fishing. The country has many beautiful cities like Kiev, Kharkiv and Lviv famous for their architectural and park landmarks, churches, castle ruins and nature reserves.

Situated in Eastern Europe, Ukraine is providing a safe and a secured living environment for foreign students. Not only European students but Indian as well as African nationals are getting a lot of advantages from Ukrainian Universities. Students can interact with their fellow mates and understand about their culture, languages ​​and many more. Native Ukrainians are very friendly and interacting. They always welcome their visitors wholeheartedly.

The fee structure for medical courses are generally very high and students seek financial assistance if they are not able to afford the fees for these courses. From this perspective also, medical schools in Ukraine have various fee payment options to provide the required assistance to the foreign candidates enrolling there. Generally, tuition fees are very reliable. It varies from 12-15 lac per annum and the duration of the medical course is of six years. One can know more about the study environment and the academics through leading newspaper advertisements or by contacting any authorized consultants. Universities are providing excellent study environment and the student life is really very enjoyable. Thus, in every academic session, lot of students from over 56 Countries come to Study Medicine in Ukraine on Scholarship .

Hence, Medical universities in Ukraine are ideal for students seeking their career In this field. Affordable fee structure, practical mode of education, and value based training system are making them the most sought after destination for medical aspirants.

Why the CAHSEE is Bad For Public Education

After a heated debate throughout the state, the California Department of Education(CDE) implemented the California High School Exit Exam(CAHSEE) as a graduation requirement for all public high school students. The law first went into effect with the 2006 graduating class and has been used as a hard graduation requirement for every class since. While there are many differing opinions on the CAHSEE, on thing is clear, it appears to be here to stay.

The purpose of the CAHSEE is to provide a standard way of measuring student performance in public high schools all across the state. Since the CAHSEE is essentially a test of state academic content standards, and theoretically all public schools across the state should be teaching from the state content standards, the CAHSEE should be a great way to measure students from one school against students from other schools. This logic all sounds plausible until you start to take a look at the impact the exam is having on public education, particularly in traditionally low-performing schools.

Since scores on the CAHSEE impact everything from school funding to teacher and administrator job security, it is easy to see why it has had such a profound impact on how schools run. Teachers and counselors now place a huge emphasis on preparing students for the CAHSEE, often at the expense of time that could be spent preparing students to excel in college and beyond. The CAHSEE only tests state standards from grades 6-10, so the vast majority of the material covered on the exam is at a middle school level. Now of course it is important to have a strong foundation in the fundamentals of mathematics and English but not all students in high school need the level of review that they are being given. For many students the entire review process is unnecessary and robs them of valuable time they could be spending doing work that will actually prepare them for college.

This is especially the case for students at low-performing schools. Since many of their classmates struggle with these foundational areas the entire class must spend time reviewing this material. Not only are these students at a disadvantage by attending a low-performing high school in the first place, but the problem is now exacerbated by the fact that the administration in effect is allowing their peers to further hinder their progress. This creates the common problem that even the best students from poor schools are unprepared to succeed that the highest level in college and beyond. Does the CAHSEE really benefit our educational system when it inadvertently stifles the development of some of our brightest minds?

While the California High School Exit Exam certainly has its supporters who are quick to cite its positive benefits, overall, and especially for students in low-performing schools, it hurts education. This point is underscored by the fact that even the best students from under-performing schools often struggle when placed in more challenging and competitive academic environments. While doing away with the CAHSEE won’t necessarily solve this problem by itself, it would certainly be a step in the right direction.